INDICATORS OF COMPETITIVENESS IN TOURISM: CASE OF SERBIA, MONTENEGRO AND FYR MACEDONIA

  • Stefan Denda Geographical institute “Jovan Cvijić” SASA, Belgrade
  • Jasna Stojanović Geographical institute “Jovan Cvijić” SASA, Belgrade
Keywords: competitiveness, tourism, indicators, EU candidate countries

Abstract

The competitiveness of tourist destinations is a phenomenon of 21st century. Comparative advantage of destinations on the market is determined by factors of production i.e. natural (inherited) and created (infrastructure). In the paper is carried out a comparative analysis of the countries of the former Yugoslavia, the candidates of the European Union, Serbia, Montenegro and FYR Macedonia. For monitoring the competitiveness it was used a model that has been developed by The World Economic Forum for the purpose of Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Index (TTCI). The model covers 14 key indicators based on data from numerous national and international institutions such as World Tourism Organization (UNWTO), World & Travel Tourism Council (WTTC), The International Air Transport Association (IATA), United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) and United Nations Conference on Trade and Development.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Blanke, J., & Chiesa, T. The Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Report 2008, 2009, 2011, 2013, 2015, http://reports.weforum.org , (05.03.2016.)

Crouch, G. I., & Ritchie, J. B. (1999): Tourism, competitiveness, and societal prosperity. Journal of business research, 44(3), 137-152.

Crouch, G. I. (2007): Measuring tourism competitiveness: research, theory and the WEF index. In Proceedings of ANZMAC Annual Conference, Dunedin, New Zeland (pp. 3-5).

Čerović, S., Knežević, M., Matović, V., & Brdar, I. (2015): The Contribution of Tourism Industry on the GDP of Western Balkan Countries. Industrija, 43(3), 159-170.

Denda, S. (2013): Model konkurentnosti opštine Čajetina kao turističke destinacije. HiT menadžment, 2(2), 95-105.

Denda, S., Stojanović, J. (2015): Protection of the „Lake Skadar“ National Park in the function of sustainable development of tourism. In Proceedings of 8th International conference „Science and higher education in function of sustainable development, Užice, Serbia, 02-03 October 2015., (pp. 7-14).

Denda, S. (2015): Promet turista u Sokobanji 1897-2014. godine. . Zbornk radova 4. Srpskog kongresa geografa sa međunarodnim učešćem, Kopaonik, Srbija, 07-10. oktobar 2015. (str. 181-186).

Dwyer, L., & Kim, C. (2003): Destination competitiveness: determinants and indicators. Current issues in tourism, 6(5), 369-414.

Đurašević, S. (2009): Clusters As The Base For The Regional Development In Tourism. Montenegrin Journal of Economics, 5(9), 101-109.

Đuranović, M., & Radunović, M. (2011): Analiza efekata turizma na BDP, zaposlenost i platni bilans Crne Gore. Podgorica: CBCG.

Jovičić, D. (2011): Menadžment turističkih destinacija. Beograd: Univerzitet u Beogradu, Geografski fakultet.

Jovanović, S., Krstić, B., Janković-Milić, V. (2013): Identifying The Factors of Tourism Competitiveness Level in The Southeastern European Countries. Facta Universitatis, Series: Economics and Organization, 10(2), 117-127.

Marinoski, N., & Korunovski, S. (2012): Tourism in Macedonia in changing environment. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 44, 19-31.

MONSTAT, Statistički godišnjak Crne Gore, http://www.monstat.org/, (06.03.2016.)

NBS, Turizam (BPM6), http://www.nbs.rs/internet/platni bilans.html, (15.03.2016.)

Omerović, J. (2014): Turistički promet kao nezaobilazna komponenta razvoja turizma Tuzle. Zbornik radova DGTH, 43-2, 174-184.

Papp, Z., & Raffay, A. (2011): Factors influencing the tourism competitiveness of former socialist countries. Human Geographies, 5, 21-30.

Petrović-Ranđelović, M., & Miletić, D. (2012): (No) Competitiveness and Sustainable Development of Serbian Tourism. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 44, 78-87.

Popesku, J. (2011): Menadžment turističke destinacije. Beograd: Univerzitet Singidunum, Fakultet za turistički i hotelijerski menadžment.

Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia, Municipalities and regions of the Republic of Serbia, http://webrzs.stat.gov.rs/, (05.03.2016.)

Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia, Tourist turnover in the Republic of Serbia, http://webrzs.stat.gov.rs/, (05.03.2016.)

Strategija razvoja turizma Republike Srbije, Sl. glasnik RS, br. 91/06.

State Statistical Office of Macedonia, Statistical Yearbook of Republic of the Macedonia, http://www.stat.gov.mk/ , (07.03.2016.)

State Statistical Office of Macedonia, Tourism in the Republic of Macedonia 2008-2012 and 2010-2015, http://www.stat.gov.mk/, (07.03.2016.)

State Statistical Office of Macedonia, Tourism – news release, http://www.stat.gov.mk/, (08.03.2016.)

UNWTO, Over 1.1 billion tourists travelled abroad in 2014, http://media.unwto.org/press-release, (10.03.2016).

UNWTO, Exports from international tourism rise to US$ 1.5 trillion in 2014, http://media.unwto.org/press-release, (10.03.2016.)

WTTC, Economic Impact Analysis, http://www.wttc.org/press-room/ , (10.03.2016).

Published
2016-06-04
How to Cite
Denda, S., & Stojanović, J. (2016). INDICATORS OF COMPETITIVENESS IN TOURISM: CASE OF SERBIA, MONTENEGRO AND FYR MACEDONIA. Tourism International Scientific Conference Vrnjačka Banja - TISC, 1(2), 99-117. Retrieved from http://www.tisc.rs/proceedings/index.php/hitmc/article/view/176