THE TOURISM POTENTIAL OF THE NORTH CAUCASUS: THE FORMATION, CHARACTERISTICS AND DEVELOPMENT PROSPECTS
The article dwells on the North Caucasus region at the south of Russia, its unique geographical location that determined the diversity of natural, climate and ethnographic resources. Considering this background the authors analyze promotion of extreme hiking and ecotourism in the region using the routes developed in the 1930s in the USSR as a base. Hundreds of ethnic communities of the North Caucasus, each of which has its peculiar mental and psychological features, are considered in terms of resource potential for folklore and ethnographic tourism development. The tourist destinations are regarded using the national idea on regional recreation systems instead of common cluster-based approach. The authors emphasize indistinctive types of tourism for this region that have got traction only under conditions of current economic crisis and peculiarities of Russia geopolitical situation. In the end, the authors conclude on the importance of the North Caucasus region for the world tourism.
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