SOCIO-ECONOMIC CONTRIBUTIONS OF HOMESTAYS: A CASE OF TIRTHAN VALLEY IN HIMACHAL PRADESH (INDIA)
The homestay programme has evolved as an instrument for employment generation and economic development of a local community. Economic empowerment is important because it enables the host residents to be rewarded with a significant proportion of the financial benefits from tourism. The study area for the present study is the Tirthan Valley in Himachal Pradesh. It is known as the gateway to The Great Himalayan National Park, which is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The case study method will be used for the research purpose. Primary data will be collected using a questionnaire and in-depth interview. Homestay owners, local vendors, and other service providers will be interviewed using convenient and snowball sampling technique. The contribution of homestays will be studied from various aspects like average income earned, number of jobs created, women entrepreneurs involved, reverse migration, development of infrastructure, rise in standard of living, etc. This study contributes to tourism research by exploring the economic contributions of homestay programme.
2. Acharya, B. P., & Halpenny, E. A. (2013). Homestays as an Alternative Tourism Product for Sustainable Community Development: A Case Study of Women-Managed Tourism Product in Rural Nepal. Tourism Planning and Development, 10(4), 367–387. https://doi.org/10.1080/
3. Affizzah, A. M. D., W., M., & R., M. A. (2017). Sustainable Community Development through Homestay Programme. Journal of Public Administration and Governance, 7(1), 71–86. https://doi.org/
4. Agarwal, S., & Chakraborthy, B. (2018). International Conference on Advanced Technologies and Innovations in Tourism and Hospitality Industry (ATITHI-2018). Antecedents of Destination Loyalty: A Conceptual Analysis, 12.
5. Agyeiwaah, E. (2013). International tourists’ motivations for choosing homestay in the Kumasi Metropolis of Ghana. Anatolia, 24, pp. 405–409. https://doi.org/10.1080/13032917.2013.789972
6. Asker, S., Boronyak, L., Carrard, N., & Paddon, M. (2010). Effective Community Based Tourism. In Apec Tourism Working Group.
7. Banks, K. H. (2009). A Qualitative Investigation of White Students’ Perceptions of Diversity. Journal of Diversity in Higher Education. https://doi.org/10.1037/a0016292
8. Bhalla, P., Coghlan, A., & Bhattacharya, P. (2016). Homestays’ contribution to community-based ecotourism in the Himalayan region of India. Tourism Recreation Research, 41(2), 213–228. https://doi.org/10.1080/02508281.2016.1178474
9. Butler, R. W. (2007). Sustainable tourism: A state‐of‐the‐art review. Tourism Geographies. https://doi.org/10.1080/14616689908721291
10. Caldas, M. P. (2009). Research design: qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches. Revista de Administração Contemporânea. https://doi.org/10.1590/s1415-65552003000100015
11. Chee Hua, C., May-chiun, L., & Susan Su-Zhuang, T. (2016). Communities’ perceptions towards rural competitive advantage: A study on Kampung Semadang - Borneo Heights, Sarawak. E-Proceeding International Conference on Postgraduate Research (ICPR2016).
12. Gangotia, A. (2013). Tourism Home Stay Scheme in Himachal Pradesh : A Successful Story of Community Based Tourism Inititatives (CBTIS) Dr. Amit Gangotia Assistant Professor and Coordinator- Tourism Studies, STHM,. (2277), 206–207.
13. González-Rodríguez, M. R., Martínez-Torres, R., & Toral, S. (2016). Post-visit and pre-visit tourist destination image through eWOM sentiment analysis and perceived helpfulness. International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, 28(11), 2609–2627. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJCHM-02-2015-0057
14. Hussin, R., & Kunjuraman, V. (2014). Sustainable Community-Based Tourism (Cbt) Through Homestay Programme in Sabah, East Malaysia. Proceeding of the Social Sciences Research ICSSR 2014, 2014(June), 41–61. https://doi.org/ISSN 2180-2491
15. Ibrahim, Y., & Abdul Razzaq, A. R. (2011). Homestay Program and Rural Community Development in Malaysia. Journal of Ritsumeikan Social Sciences and Humanities, 2(3), 7–24. Retrieved from http://www.ritsumei.ac.jp/acd/re/k-rsc/hss/book/pdf/vol02_03.pdf
16. Kamisan Pusiran, A., & Xiao, H. (2013). Challenges and community development: A case study of Homestay in Malaysia. Asian Social Science, 9(5), 1–17. https://doi.org/10.5539/ass.v9n5p1
17. Kayat, K. (2014). Community-Based Rural Tourism: A Proposed Sustainability Framework. SHS Web of Conferences, 12, 01010. https://doi.org/10.1051/shsconf/20141201010
18. Kontogeorgopoulos, N., Churyen, A., & Duangsaeng, V. (2015). Homestay Tourism and the Commercialization of the Rural Home in Thailand. Asia Pacific Journal of Tourism Research, 20(1), 29–50. https://doi.org/10.1080/10941665.2013.852119
19. Lakshmi, V., Jindal, M., Nanda, B., & Mehra, S. (2018). The Impact of Usage of Social Media on Quality of Sleep in Medical Undergraduateso Title. International Journal of Current Medical And Applied Sciences, July, 19(2, 41–45.
20. Lehsius, N. F., Ahmad, A., Kassim, A., & Ibrahim, R. (2015). Visitor Satisfaction of Kanchong Darat Homestay, Selangor – a Case Study. 5th International Symposium.
21. Liu, Z. (2003). Sustainable tourism development: A critique. Journal of Sustainable Tourism. https://doi.org/10.1080/09669580308667216
22. Lynch, P. A., McIntosh, A. J., & Tucker, H. (2009). Commercial homes in tourism: An international perspective. In Commercial Homes in Tourism: An International Perspective. https://doi.org/10.4324/
23. Malla Thakuri, I. B., & Nepal, G. (2017). Economic Contribution of Home-stay in Nepal. Journal of Advanced Academic Research, 3(3), 1–10. https://doi.org/10.3126/jaar.v3i3.16802
24. Mapjabil, J., Che Ismail, S., Ab Rahman, B., Masron, T., Ismail, R., & Mohd Zainol, R. (2015). Homestays - Community programme or alternative accommodation ? A re-evaluation of concept and execution. Geografia Online Malaysia Journal of Society and Space, 12(12), 1–8. https://doi.org/Doi 10.1016/S0040-1625(00)00075-5
25. Meimand, S. E., Khalifah, Z., Zavadskas, E. K., Mardani, A., Najafipour, A. A., & Ahmad, U. N. U. (2017). Residents’ attitude toward tourism development: A sociocultural perspective. Sustainability (Switzerland). https://doi.org/10.3390/su9071170
26. Mohd Nor, N. A., & Kayat, K. (2010). The Challenges of Community-Based Homestay Programme in Malaysia. Regional Conference on Tourism Research (RCTR 2010).
27. Pakshir, L., & Nair, V. (2011). Sustainability of Homestay as a Form of Community-Based Tourism (CBT): A Case Study of the Rural Community in Bavanat-Iran. TEAM Journal of Hospitality and Tourism, 8(1), 5–17. Retrieved from internal-pdf://22.214.171.124/Pakshir Leila - team-journal-of-hospitality_to.pdf
28. Razzaq, A. R. A., Hadi, M. Y., Mustafa, M. Z., Hamzah, A., Khalifah, Z., & Mohamad, N. H. (2011). Local Community Participation in Homestay Program Development in Malaysia. Journal of Modern Accounting and Auditing, 7(12), 1418–1429.
29. Richardson, K. (2004). Paper Title: Homestay: Opening a World of Opportunity. 18TH IDP Australian International Education Conference International Education: The Path to Cultural Understanding and Development.
30. Samsudin, P. Y., & Maliki, N. Z. (2015). Preserving Cultural Landscape in Homestay Programme Towards Sustainable Tourism: Brief Critical Review Concept. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 170, 433–441. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2015.01.004
31. Seidman, I. (2006). Interviewing as Qualitative Research. In PsycCRITIQUES. https://doi.org/10.1037/032390
32. Sita, S. E. D., & Nor, N. A. M. (2015). Degree of Contact and Local Perceptions of Tourism Impacts: A Case Study of Homestay Programme in Sarawak. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences. https://doi.org/
33. Tourism, R., Plan, M., Tourism, C., & Program, M. H. (2010). Professor, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu. Lecturer, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia. 7. Tourism.
34. Yin, R. K. (2009). Case study research :Design and methods (4th Edition). Applied Social Research Methods Series. https://doi.org/
35. Yusof, Y., Ibrahim, Y., Muda, M. S., & Wan Mohd Amin, W. A. A. (2012). Community based tourism and quality of life. Review of Integrative Business & Economics Research.