DEVELOPMENTS IN ITALY CONCERNING THE REGULATION OF TOUR GUIDES: AN ENDLESS DISPUTE
Tourism is complex and tour guides regulation is not an exception. Italian legislation historically protected local authorized and qualified tour guides that were entitled of a territorial exclusive, while tour guides coming from other regions of Italy different from the place of their qualification or from third Member-states were prevented to provide their services. Italy always considered a tour guide as an intellectual profession rather than a mere provider of services and resisted to the liberalization process processed by the European Union. By virtue of the necessity to save the national historic and artistic heritage, Italy created the “specialized tour guide” with territorial exclusivity which was later dismissed by the internal jurisprudence as it is contrary to the freedom to provide services principle established by the European Union. Consequently, the scope of this essay is to propose a solution able to balance the aspiration of Italy in protecting the national historic and artistic heritage and working rights of this category of service's providers.
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