A CURE AND HEALING FOREST OF GOČ MOUNTAIN – A NEW APPROACH TO HEALTH TOURISM IN SERBIA
Forest medicine is a type of healthcare movement which caused a real sensation within alternative therapeutic procedures. The concept of forest therapy is based on numerous health benefits that forests provide and the inherent capacity of organisms to be healed (’vis medicatrix naturae’). The research area belongs to the forest complex above the largest spa resort in Serbia, Vrnjačka Banja, and includes the management unit of ’Goč-Stanišinci’ on Goč Mountain. This 30 ha area can be potentially turned into a type of therapeutic forest - 'Cure and Healing Forest'. We determined the site environmental conditions, conducted the site qualification, defined the basic elements of stand structure and assessed the health potential of the research area. Two footpaths and other specific forest amenities were designed. The results of the research point to favorable environmental factors, exceptional natural values and health effects of the investigated site. Finally, the paper presents the possibilities of the projected therapeutic forest as part of a tourism product in the field of health tourism and special interest tourism in Serbia.
Clifford, A. (2016). Forest therapy: A global vision. Symposium of Forest Medicine SHINRIN-YOKU with international participation, May 24-25, Belgrade, Serbia.
Isajev, V., Ivetić, V., Vukin, M. (2007). Varijabilnost i oplemenjivanje hrasta kitnjaka. 'Hrast kitnjak (Quercus petraea agg. Ehrendorfer 1967) u Srbiji'. Univerzitet u Beogradu Šumarski fakultet, Udruženje šumarskih inženjera i tehničara Srbije, Beograd, 111-150.
Isailovic G., Ilincic M., Presetnik Lj., Sipka Lj., Jovanovic I., Smith M., Gadjanski T., Milic N., Burdett S. (2015). Five Star Hamams As a Comparatice Adventage of Serbian Medical, Spa&Wellness Tourism. III World Biodiversity Congress, 26-29 October, Mokra gora, Serbia.
Isailović, G., Presetnik, Lj., Jovanović, I. (2016). Šumski hamami Srbije. Symposium of Forest Medicine SHINRIN-YOKU with international participation, May 24-25, Belgrade, Serbia.
Jović, N., Tomić, Z., Jović, D. (2009). Tipologija šuma. Univerzitet u Beogradu Šumarski fakultet, Beograd, Serbia.
Hansen, M. M., Jones, R., Tocchini, K. (2017). Shinrin-Yoku (Forest Bathing) and Nature Therapy: A State of the Art Review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, Vo. 14 (8) Basel. Switzerland.
Li Q., K. Morimoto, A. Nakadai, T. Qu, H. Matsushima, M. Katsumata, T. Shimizu, H. Inagaki, Y. Hirata, K. Hirata, T. Kawada, Y. Lu, K. Nakayama, Krensky A.M. (2007). Healthy lifestyles are associated with higher levels of perforin, granulysin and granzymes A/Bexpressing cells in peripheral blood lymphocytes. Prevo Med. 44:117.
Mandarić, M., Milićević, S., Sekulić, D. (2017). Traditional Values in the Function of Promotion of Šumadija and Pomoravlje as rural tourism Destinations. Economics of Agriculture, the Balkan Scientific Asootiation of Agrarian Economists, Belgrade, institute of Agricultural Economics, Belgrade, Academy of Economic Studies, Bucharest, Vol. 64, No. 2, pp. 787-804, Belgrade. Serbia.
Milićević, S., Đorđević, N. (2015). Potentials for the development of Goč mountain as a rural tourist destination. Ekonomija: teorija i praksa. Vol. 8, No 4. Univerzitet Privredna akademija, Fakultet za ekonomiju i inženjerski menadžment, Novi Sad, Serbia.
Milovanović, D., Milošević, R., Babić, V. (2004). Evaluation of the Natural Esthetical Value of The Complex Goč-Gvozdac for Leisure and Recreation. Forestry No 4. Organ of Society of Forestry Engineers and Technicians of the Republic of Serbia and University of Belgrade Faculty of Forestry. Belgrade, Serbia, 57-72.
Rupert, K. (1971). Zur Beurteilung der Erholungfunktionen siedlungsnaher Walder. Frankfurit am Mein.
Uehara, I. (2017). Therapy in forests in Japan. Forests and its Potential for Health. International Congress. 13.-14. September. Meclenburg – Vorpommern. Seeheilbad Heringsdorf. Germany.
Vukin, M., Amidžić, L., Milovanović, J., Isailović, G. (2017). The Use of natural vegetation resources of ’Šargan-Mokra gora’ Nature park within the sanitary-higienic and health Forest Functions. Forestry No. 1-2. Society of Forestry Engineers and Technicians of the Republic of Serbia and University of Belgrade Faculty of Belgrade. Belgrade, Serbia, 69-84.
Vuković, P., Arsić, S., Cvijanović, D. (2010). Konkurentnost ruralnih turističkih destinacija. Economics of Agriculture, the Balkan Scientific Asootiation of Agrarian Economists, Belgrade, Institute of Agricultural Economics, Belgrade, Academy of Economic Studies, Bucharest, Vol. 57, No. 1, pp. 47-60, Belgrade.
Thornthwаitе, C., W. (1948). An approach toward a rational classification of climate, The Geographical Review, Vol. 38, New York (55-94).
Živanović, S., Manojlović, T. (2016). Human biometeorology with biotrop weather conditions and meteorotropism in the context of Health Tourism. 1st International Scientific Conference Tourism in the Function of the Development of the Republic of the Serbia. Spa Tourism in Serbia and Experiences of other Countries. University in Kragujevac, Faculty of Hotel Management and Tourism in Vrnjačka Banja. Vrnjačka Banja, 20-35.
Živanović, S., Vukin, M., (2017). Effect of global solar Radiation threats the Forest Firein The Area of Nature Park ’Golija’ Serbia. Forestry 3-4. Organ of Society of Forestry Engineers and Technicians of the Republic of Serbia and University of Belgrade Faculty of Belgrade. Belgrade. (pp. 69-84)
(2008). Special forest management plan of MU `Goč-Stanišinci` (2008-2017), Belgrade.
http://www.hidmet.gov.rs/,(08 December 2017).
Interactive Google Earth Map. https://earth.google.com/web, (11 December 2017).