MIGRATION TRENDS AND THE CONCEPT OF ECOTOURISM
The paper presents the results of a study of the impact of the population migration in the area of Eastern Serbia (Kladovo, Negotin, Zaječar and Knjaževac municipalities) on the natural potentials for the development of ecotourism. There are over 60 protected, rare, vulnerable or endangered plant and animal species, 7 protected natural resources, a large number of cultural and historical monuments and natural rarities registered in the area. On the other hand, there are certain limiting factors for the development of ecotourism, such as rich but polluted hydrographic network, proximity to Bor mines and transboundary impacts. The most striking features of the area are the demographic emptying of its mountain and hill areas and the migration of the population to their administrative centers. Demographic emptying of the area can be considered as a positive process, as it enables the natural ecosystem restoration and the return of endangered plant and animal species to their natural habitats.
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